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FTTx for Installers and Technicians

his four-day class has been developed with 16 hours of classroom lecture and 16 hours of hands-on skills labs to provide practical understanding and skills required to install, test, and troubleshoot PON and active Ether... Show More
Course Prerequisites:
None
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Instructor-Led Training (ILT)

Attend training in a classroom environment at a campus near you. Instructor-led training is still the number one delivery method of choice because it allows you to interact and discuss the training material, either individually or in a group setting, and you gain access to expert knowledge from certified instructors. This form of guided learning is impactful and produces positive learning outcomes. Day, evening and Saturday classes are offered.

Duration
4 Days

Course Schedule

Upcoming dates for FTTx for Installers and Technicians

Course Content

Chapter 1 —Introduction

  • Basic fiber optic terminology
  • FTTx optical fiber transmission systems
  • Typical transmission rates
  • Fiber optic symbols
  • Why use fiber optics?
  • Fiber optic standards
  • Brief history of fiber optics

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Chapter 2 — FTTx PON Methodology

  • Basic FTTx terminology
  • Passive optical networks (PON)
  • Fiber to the home
  • Fiber to the business/building
  • POLAN
  • Fiber to the curb
  • IP video delivery
  • Active Ethernet
  • TDM and TDMA
  • Broadband PON (B-PON)
  • Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)
  • Ethernet PON
  • Gigabit PON (G-PON)
  • 10G-PON
  • 10 Gigabit EPON
  • RF video overlay
  • Radio frequency over glass
  • WDM-PON

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Chapter 3 — Topologies

  • Network topologies
  • Physical topologies
  • Point-to-point topology
  • Star topology
  • Reach extender
  • Route redundancy
  • Ring topology
  • Mesh topology
  • Bus topology

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Chapter 4 — ODN and OSP

  • ODN capabilities
  • Outside plant cable management
  • Drop terminators
  • Cable and fiber management

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Chapter 5 — Fiber Theory

  • The three big issues
  • Attenuation
  • Fresnel reflection
  • Refraction
  • Numerical aperture
  • Intrinsic and extrinsic losses
  • The electromagnetic spectrum
  • Lightwave transmission
  • Single-mode step-index fibers
  • Mode field diameter
  • Dispersion (pulse spreading)

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Chapter 6 — Fiber

  • FTTx fiber optic specifications
  • Single-mode optical fiber types
  • Fiber optic color coding
  • Ribbon fibers

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Chapter 7 — Cable

  • Optical cable for FTTx
  • FTTx distribution and drop cables
  • Outside plant cables
  • High fiber count cables
  • Aerial fiber optic cables
  • Indoor/outdoor cables
  • Plenum and riser cables
  • Low smoke zero halogen
  • Distribution cables
  • Fiber optic cable cordage
  • Fiber and buffer color codes

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Chapter 8 — Connectors

  • Extrinsic splice and connection attenuation
  • Fiber optic connector polishes
  • Common FTTx connectors
  • Small form factor LC connectors
  • Multifiber connectors
  • Field terminable FTTH connectors
  • Hardened connectors
  • Connector inspection and cleaning
  • Terminators and attenuators
  • Single-mode field connectorization issues

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Chapter 9 — Splicing

  • Traditional splice scenarios
  • Drop cable splicing
  • Good splice requirements
  • Fiber cleaving
  • Fusion, ribbon, and pigtail splicing
  • Protecting the splice
  • Mechanical splices

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Chapter 10 — Fiber and Cable Management

  • Panels, closures and cabinets
  • Fiber optic interconnect hardware
  • Splice tray recommendations
  • FTTx OSP cable management products
  • Cabinets for active Ethernet
  • Network access points
  • Slack storage
  • Vaults and handholes
  • Indoor slack storage methods
  • Underground cable storage
  • Aerial cable storage products
  • Hardened connector slack storage

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Chapter 11 — Passive Devices

  • Fiber transition to the network
  • Planar lightwave circuits
  • Fused biconical taper splitters
  • Splitter challenges and scenarios
  • Tap splitters
  • WDMs and PON systems
  • Optical bands and windows
  • Wavelength allocations
  • Multiplexing and demultiplexing
  • Filters and gratings
  • Types of WDMs
  • PON configurations for WDM
  • RF video overlay
  • Diplexers, triplexers, and quadplexers
  • Coarse, dense, and wide WDM

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Chapter 12 — Active Devices

  • Fiber optic transmitters
  • Distributed feedback lasers
  • Fabry-Perot lasers
  • Fiber optic receivers
  • Photo diodes
  • Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers
  • Reflection issues
  • Optical return loss and the ODN

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Chapter 13 — OLTs and ONTs

  • Optical line terminals
  • ONT, NT and ONU
  • UPS and battery backup systems

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Chapter 14 — Loss Budgets

  • Designing FTTx systems
  • Writing OSP specifications
  • Loss budgets for FTTx networks
  • Safety margins
  • “Not to exceed” charts for single-mode
  • Active Ethernet specifications
  • PON loss budgets
  • G-PON specifications
  • G-PON power levels
  • Ethernet specifications
  • RFoG and tapered loss budgets

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Chapter 15 — Installation

  • FTTx cable installation
  • Cable handling
  • Standards and regulations
  • Underground installation techniques
  • Direct buried
  • Conduit and duct installation
  • Cable pulling methods
  • Tension monitoring
  • High air speed blown
  • Air blown fiber
  • Aerial installation techniques
  • Mid-span (express) entries
  • Cable installation products
  • FTTB installation techniques
  • MDUs and MTUs
  • FTTB design goals
  • Telecommunications rooms
  • Get cabling to each user
  • Termination techniques
  • Aesthetics
  • ONTs and access points
  • Installation inspection reports

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Chapter 16 — Testing

  • Testing active Ethernet
  • Testing PON systems
  • Initial installation testing
  • Testing equipment for different scenarios
  • “Not to exceed” values
  • OTDR testing
  • Dynamic range
  • Deadzone
  • OTDR signatures
  • Key points to understanding IOR
  • Post-installation testing with the OTDR
  • Testing drop cables
  • Reflection testing
  • Measuring reflectance with a deadzone box
  • Optical loss testing
  • Insertion loss method
  • Visual laser testing requirements
  • Visual inspection

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Chapter 17 — Maintenance

  • Identify – Locate – Resolve
  • Typical causes of failure
  • System related problems
  • Eye diagrams
  • Types of fiber optic damage
  • Typical cable system faults
  • Equipment used in the restoration role
  • Emergency restoration kit requirements
  • Aerial restoration
  • Outside plant restorations
  • The need for slack cable
  • Effective maintenance postures
  • Post-restoration recommendations

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Chapter 18 — Safety

  • Fiber optic safety concerns
  • Visual safety using fiber optic sources
  • Wavelength of the eye
  • Laser classifications
  • Working with lasers and optical fibers
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Chemicals
  • Material safety data sheets (MSDS)
  • Work area safety
  • Installation practices
  • Wrap-up and Review

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Hands-on Skills Learning

Station 1: Cable Management

  • Cable preparation
  • Mid-entry practices
  • Closure preparation
  • Panel dressing
  • Splitter installation
  • Splice tray fiber routing

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Station 2: Splicng

  • Strip and cleave processes
  • Inline and pigtail splicing
  • FTTx splicing
  • Fixed V-groove splicers
  • Core alignment splicers

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Station 3: OTDR Testing

  • OTDR use in FTTx installations
  • FTTx OTDR signatures
  • Measuring reflectance
  • Testing splitters

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Station 4: Optical Loss Testing

  • FTTx test equipment
  • Testing OLT/ONT power levels
  • Test points in FTTx installations
  • Upstream/downstream testing
  • Troubleshooting
  • FTTx documentation

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CTU Training Solutions , Updated: May 9th, 2018

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